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Unlocking EV Charging Flexibility: A Comprehensive Guide to EV Charging Cables and Connectors

Unlocking EV Charging Flexibility: A Comprehensive Guide to EV Charging Cables and Connectors

Mar 28, 2024

In Europe, the construction of charging infrastructure never stops. The common ones are non-tethered cable chargers.

They are usually shown on charging maps as BYO chargers (Bring Your Own), which means drivers need to use their charging cables.

On the surface, it seems like drivers need to prepare more. But in reality, this method is more flexible and free and improves the connection opportunities between the vehicle and the charger (the charger can match the cars with different inlets). For charging station operators, investment and maintenance costs are reduced, allowing more funds to be invested in the new chargers. More importantly, as a key part of sustainable transportation, this method is more environmentally friendly.


Learning more about EV charging cable for public charging stations will go a long way toward actively embracing electric vehicles.

EV Charging Cable is designed to safely transport power from the charger to the EV, shouldering the important tasks of communicating, controlling, protecting, and transmitting power.

The electric vehicle charging cable has four modes, among which Mode 3 connects the vehicle to the charging port of the AC charger. Some charging stations have tethered cables, and some are untethered--You need to carry a charging cable that matches the vehicle socket.



Depending on the vehicle, the plug types are type 1, type 2, and GB/T.


Type 2 To Type 1

The Type 1 end connects to the vehicle and the Type 2 end connects to the charger, which is suitable for electric vehicles with a Type 1 inlet.

Support single-phase AC power can provide power output up to 7.4kW, and the maximum current can reach 32A.

For North American, Japanese/Korean models, having such a charging cable means you can freely charge EVs at various public charging stations or wall boxes.

Of course, if there is a need for fast charging, then DC charging may be more suitable. Because DC Fast Charging Cables need to transmit larger currents, they are often thicker and heavier than Level 2 Charging Cables (AC), so they are tethered to the charger. When facing a high-power DC charger and only a CCS2 connector is available at the charging station, the driver does not have to be frustrated if a CCS2 to CCS1 adapter is available.


ev adapter


The CCS2 to CCS1 adapter from Workersbee, an EV charging cable supplier, can easily connect different standard chargers and electric vehicles, and meets the needs of fast charging, providing a high current of up to 150A. The terminal temperature rise test is less than 50K, the protection level can reach IP54, and it has passed CE certification. The cable is made of TPU for flexibility and durability, adding more opportunities for charging accessibility.


Type 2 To Type 2

Suitable for type 2 vehicles. Available in single-phase 7.4kW, and three-phase 11kW and 22kW. The charging efficiency of an electric vehicle also depends on its onboard charger's charging capacity and the charger's power.

As a classic example, if you use an 11kW (16A) cable and choose a 22kW charger to charge an electric car, but your car is single-phase, you will only get 3.7kW of power.

It's more like the Cannikin Law. Therefore, the selection criteria for the power of the cable depends more on your car.


Workersbee has developed multiple generations of type 2 ev charging cable products. From the Gen1.0  to the latest Gen2.3, the R&D team has consistently focused on technological innovation and improving user experience.


type 2 ev cable


From terminal rubber covered to ultrasonic welding, from cable management optimization to dustproof, moisture-proof, and waterproof “Smart Cap” design, each iteration not only improves the looks of the products but also makes a leap in the charging experience.

The newly launched EV charging cable 2.3 adopts a double protection design. In addition to the terminal parts, the cable tail sleeve is also rubber-covered. The protection level reaches IP55, waterproof and anti-bending, with a longer service life. The new cable management solution also takes portability and storage friendliness to a new level. It has passed TUV/CE/UKCA certification.

The cable length can be customized. We provide 5m, 7m, and 10m ev charging cable options, or customized according to your requirements. With the same cable length, a 22kw ev charging cable is heavier than a 7kW one.


Type 2 To GB/T

As China's EVs gradually gain more seats in the market, the demand for GB/T connectors is also increasing. Similarly available in single-phase and three-phase options, with a maximum power of 22kW.

Although the GB/T connector is similar to the Type2 connector, they are almost opposite. Therefore, the plugs connecting the car and the charger are both male. This is very different from type 1 and type 2 car models.


Market Insights

· Detachable cables are widely used in the European market, which greatly improves the flexibility and reliability of driver charging and reduces the risk of damage to fixed cables. North America is still in the early stages of development and may become the future development direction.

· Cable length is a double-edged sword. A longer cable means heavier, making it more difficult to carry and store; but it can also mean more flexible charging. If it is a 10m ev charging cable (or 15m or more), then you may not need to worry about the distance between the car's charging inlet socket and the charger outlet socket when you stop to charge.

· As a frequently used charging product, durability is a major feature standard in the market. From plug connectors and cables to often-bent cable tails, it is a major test of the manufacturing capabilities of EV charging cable supplier.

· Recommending the right electric vehicle charging cables based on consumer needs to obtain the best charging performance is critical to improving the user experience of EVs. Fully understanding the match between cable length, material, electrical parameters and other information and consumer needs will make your business better.



As the main part of the European charging market, EV charging cables connect vehicles and chargers. EV Charging Connector Types at one end of the vehicle depend on the vehicle charging port type. It can be divided into type1, GB/T, and type2, respectively suitable for North American/Japanese/Korean models, Chinese models, and other models in Europe.

With a professional R&D team, solid production capabilities, and testing, Workersbe is constantly committed to providing consumers with high-quality and reliable charging cables and promoting the development of the electric vehicle charging industry. Feel free to contact us to order samples or explore more charging solutions.


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